Terminology

Your knowledge of streaming TV and other related terms.

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▪ Aa - Bb

Adaptive Bitrate Streaming (ABR)

ABR streaming is a technique for dynamically adjusting the compression level and video quality of a stream to match bandwidth availability.

Ad-Based Video on Demand (AVOD)

A streaming video service that offers consumers access to a free on-demand content that contains advertisements.

Apple TV

Apple TV is a physical box with a remote. You can use this box to convert your television to a smart TV. Apple TV enables you to stream OTT videos.

Application Programming Interface (API)

Software (set of definitions and protocols) that enables different programs to interact with each other.

Bandwidth

Bandwidth in the context of video streaming defines the volume of information per unit of time that a transmission medium, like an Internet connection, can handle.

Bitrate

Bitrate in video streaming refers to the number of bits that are conveyed or processed in a given unit of time. Bitrate is measured in bits per second (bit/s). In video, a higher bitrate equals higher image quality in video output.

▪ Cc - Dd

Content Delivery Network (CDN)

CDN (Content Delivery Network) simply describes different types of content delivery services. For video streaming - CDN takes a source stream, moves that single source stream efficiently across the of its network, and delivers it to the edge server that is the most proximate to the viewers.

Chromecast

Chromecast is a streaming media adapter from Google that allows users to play online content (videos and music) on a digital TV.

Decoder

A video decoder is a software or hardware device that converts an encoded digital stream into audio, video, subtitles and closed captions, that can be displayed on a TV or other viewing device (mobile, tablet, PC etc.).

Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB)

Digital Video Broadcasting is a common standard for digital TV and video used all over the world. DVB standards are: DVB-T for terrestrial television, DVB-C for cable television, and DVB-S for satellite television.

▪ Ee - Ff

Edge device

An edge device is a term for any device (in the case of streaming video and audio content) that processes data outside of a cloud computing platform, before sending it over an IP network to a cloud service or to another edge device located somewhere else.

Fire TV

Amazon Fire TV device enables you to access Video services, and other OTT video apps, through your television with an HDMI cable.

Frame rate

Frame Rate refers to the frequency at which consecutive images are displayed, and is typically expressed in frames per second (fps).

Free-to-Air TV (FTA)

Free-to-air (FTA) is TV or radio broadcast in unencrypted form, so any person can receive the signal.

▪ Gg - Hh

H.264 Video Compression

H.264 is a well-known video compression standard for high-definition digital video (AKA MPEG-4 Part 10 or MPEG-4 AVC). A codec based on the H.264 standard compresses a digital video file (or stream) so it only requires half of the storage space (or network bandwidth) compared to MPEG-2.

HEVC/H.265 Video Compression

HEVC stands for High Efficiency Video Coding also known as H.265. HEVC is a recently developed video compression standard. HEVC compression has almost double the compression efficiency of the previous standard (H.264/AVC).

HTTP Live Streaming (HLS)

HLS is an ABR packaging format for media streaming invented by Apple Inc. (included in QuickTime, Safari, OS X, and iOS). It's an HTTP-based protocol that functions by rearranging the overall audio video stream into smaller sequences of HTTP-based file downloads. IPTV can deliver live video cotent over a multicast stream. This allows multiple devices to simultaneously access a single live stream at any time.

▪ Ii - Jj

Internet Protocol Television (IPTV)

IPTV delivers video and audio content over a managed computer network based on the Internet protocol (IP). This can include a private local area network (LAN), a wide area network (WAN), or a managed service provider network.

▪ Kk - Ll

Latency

Video latency is a delay between the time when a video stream is requested and the actual time that transfer begins. Low latency is typically less than 100 milliseconds (ms) and is preferable for streaming live events.

Live stream

A real-time live video feed being shared over the internet.

▪ Mm - Nn

Manifest

For TV broadcasting and video streaming, video manifest is used to provide information about specific video and audio streams or files, also known as metadata. Manifest can either be embedded directly into the video or included as a separate file within a container such as MP4 or MKV.

moTV

moTV.eu - The best OTT solution you can choose.

▪ Oo - Pp

Over-the-Top Content (OTT)

OTT in broadcasting and technology industries is television or video transmitted as a standalone product via the Internet. OTT providers deliver video content over the internet, as opposed to a traditional cable or satellite TV service.

Push Notification

A push notification is a message that pops up on a mobile device. App publishers can send them at any time; users don’t have to be in the app or using their devices to receive them.

▪ Qq - Rr

Real Time Messaging Protocol (RTMP)

RTMP is a protocol for real-time streaming of video and audio. RTMP supports adaptive bitrate streaming (ABS), so it's well suited for OTT services.

Reccomendation Engine

A recommendation engine is a data filtering tool using machine learning algorithms to recommend the most relevant content to a particular user.

Remote middleware

Roku

Roku provides the simplest way to stream entertainment to your TV. Roku creates streaming devices and Smart TVs.

▪ Ss - Tt

Secure Reliable Transport (SRT)

SRT is an open source video transport protocol and technology stack. SRT uses secure streams and easy firewall traversal to optimize streaming performance and deliver high-quality video over even unreliable networks. The SRT protocol uses end-to-end 128/256 bit AES encryption.

Set Top Box (STB)

A Set Top Box is a device that allows users to view video content from internet video providers via the internet. These STB boxes convert a digital television signal to analog to be viewed on a conventional TV set.

SMPTE 2110

SMPTE 2110 (ST 2110) is a suite of standards released by the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers for transporting uncompressed or lossless compressed digital media over IP network.

Subscription Video on Demand (SVOD)

SVOD is is a type of VOD service that users need to subscribe to in order to access the content.

Transactional Video on Demand (TVOD)

Allows viewers to watch videos on a pay-per-video basis.

tvOS

Apple's Operating System for their Apple TV product line.

▪ Uu - Vv

Video on Demand (VOD)

Pre-recorded digital video content that is available for streaming (as opposed to live streaming video).

▪ Ww - Xx

Widevine

Widevine enables secure premium content protection utilizing free-to-use, standards-based solutions for OTT and CAS services.

▪ Yy - Zz

YouTube

Possibility to play YouTube videos inside our UI.